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Preventing Falls With Physiotherapy
Falls is an increasing prevalent situation in Singapore, as our physiotherapy clinics face a greying population. The risks are higher in women compared to men, and 67 of 100 fallers will fall again within six months after their previous fall(s).
Falls are often caused by a few factors together and not an isolated problem - the more number of issues, the greater the likelihood of falling. Falls are not a normal occurrence in the aged, although yes, because of aging matters, we do lose muscle strength over time, but this doesn't cause us to fall per se. Falls are preventable.
The four main causes of falls are:
Sedentary or Inactive Lifestyle. This causes decreased muscle strength, tone and in turn, affects stability and mobility, contributing to falls. To top if off, the lack of weight bearing activities decreases bone density, so that'd make falls more dangerous.
Vision Impairment Problems. As we age, our vision ages as well - cataracts and glaucoma causes depth perception changes, as well as glare hypersensitivity and peripheral vision limitation. All these imposes higher falls risk to any individual.
Medications. Some medication can cause decrease of level of alertness, causing drowsiness and muscle weakness. Others may change blood pressure levels, and cause giddy spells. When in doubt, check with your pharmacist and/or doctors.
Environmental Factors: Cluttered floor, carpets, loose rugs, unsturdy furnitures all contribute to the occurrence of falls.
Physiotherapy Solutions To Prevent Falls
Exercise regularly. If you have not been doing this for some time now, see your family physician to do a physical check up first. If you get the green light from your doctor, start an exercise program with a mix of aerobic exercises (e.g. walking, cycling) and resisted exercises (e.g. swimming, weights). If you need physiotherapy services, ask your doctor to provide you with a referral to your local physiotherapy centre.
Wear proper footwear. Throw away old slippers, or footwear that don't fit well, especially those that are too loose.
Ensure that there is adequate lighting wherever you are heading to. If a place is too dark, it may cause you to trip over objects or slip over fluids that you can't see.
Don't rush. I have patients who had falls as they rush to pick up a phone call, or they rush to the toilet. The phone calls are not as important as your health (if it's important, the caller will call back again). If you need the toilet urgently, it may be good to time yourself, if you 'know' the time when you would need to go to the toilet, it'd be good.
Change positions slowly, especially when moving from sitting to standing, or when turning to take something. Sometimes, moving the head in a space too fast can cause giddiness, and that may cause a fall (this is due to a blood pooling effect, a natural phenomenon).
You should have regular eye checks to take care of your eyes' health.
Use contrasting colors objects that can help aid your mobility and gauge distances for safety. An example of this is having bright yellow grab bars installed along walls as guides.
Use bright tapes to highlight different depths e.g. at stairs or kerbs to show change or depths or heights.
Check the side effects of all medications prescribed to you. It can save your life.
Discuss with your doctor if you could decrease the dosage of your sleep inducing or muscle weakness causing medication; regularly go for follow up to check if you have improved.
Be wary of alcohol intake as they cause balance issues as well as it may interact with your medications.
Specialist Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.
Areas of specialization
physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover. They then provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
To call for inquiries or appointments, please contact us at:
We appreciate you as a patient and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.
We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients.
When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.
Thank you so much, and stay healthy!
SPECIALIST REHAB APPOINTMENTS & ENQUIRIES Please Call/SMS/WhatsApp to xxxxx or xxxx, thanks!
Disclaimer We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations. As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth.
The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age. However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver.
The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at 97402164 or 98352929, thanks!